6 Most Common Eye InjuriesBy OmniOptics - February 1, 2013
Eye injuries are can be disturbing, for the person suffering, for a person witnessing it, for you – the reader and also for me. Not many of us will know the full extent of the injury or recognise it properly. It can then get more problematic when we try to mend it by involuntarily rubbing the eye or trying to apply first aid by removing the nasty intruder.
Here are six common eye injuries and a short guide about what is to be done.
1. Bloodshot Eye(s)
The medical term for such injuries is “Subconjunctival Haemorrhages”. Yes, the words bleeding and haemorrhage sound scary but in truth this form of injury is quite harmless. The appearance is deceiving and can cause panic but you do not require treatment for it. It can be caused by minor injuries and is a result of leakage from one or more blood vessels that are present between the covering and the white part of the eye (read conjunctiva and sclera). It is painless and after a few days the eye will return to its normal state.
2. Traumatic Iritis
Unlike the above this cannot be taken lightly. After a blow from a blunt object, be it a punch or a basketball, or even a poke to the eye, the iris (coloured area) around the pupil suffers from inflammation. Your eye might be dangling on the risk of permanent decrease in vision even after medical treatment.
3. Swelling Around The Eye
This is the puffiness or swelling of the area around the eye after a hit from a ball or another moving object or a punch. Applying an icepack reduces the swelling but it is wise to have a check with the doctor in case the eye has been injured.
4. Corneal Abrasion
This injury is also known as a scratched eye. This abrasion in the pupil can be caused by a mere poke or by the rubbing of the eye while objects like dust or sand are present. Your eye might become severely sensitive to light and it feels very uncomfortable.
Corneal Abrasion can open doors to fungi or bacterial infection as early as 24 hours. This can lead to complete blindness especially in cases of contamination.
Scratches can be from fingernails to branches to paper cuts but it is important not to rub the eye or even patch it. Doing so will either result in worsening of the damage or let the bacteria thrive. Shielding the eye by covering it with a paper cup or simply keeping it closed will help. It must be taken as an emergency situation and a doctor must be consulted right away.
This situation is similar to corneal abrasion and the same amount of care must be taken. Additionally if the objects are sharp, do not try to remove them yourself and seek medical attention right away.
6. Hyphema (Bleeding in the Eye)
Bleeding in the front (or anterior chamber) of the eye between the cornea and the iris is called a hyphema. Hyphemas, along with orbital fractures, are emergency situations. It is caused by a powerful hit by a ball, a wooden or metal object or a kick.
Further Information – First Aid for Eye Injuries
To find out more about what to do in a First Aid Situation please take a quick moment to look over this one-sheet fact guide on Eye Injuries by the St John Ambulance Australia.